Did Alexander the Great visit Delphi?
336 BC. Alexander the Great visited the Delphic Oracle wishing to hear a prophecy that he would soon conquer the entire ancient world. To his surprise the oracle refused a direct comment and asked him to come later.
What did pythia mean by wooden walls?
A good example is the famous incident before the Battle of Salamis when the Pythia first predicted doom and later predicted that a ‘wooden wall’ (interpreted by the Athenians to mean their ships) would save them.
What were the wooden walls referred to?
However, Themistocles insisted that the “wooden walls” the Pythia referred to were the wooden hulls of the city’s fleet of new triremes. In the end, the population was indeed evacuated to Salamis island, with the Greek fleet basing itself there as well.
What is wooden walls referred to?
After much discussion the Athenians agreed that the “wooden wall” of the prophecy referred to their fleet of warships. And it was with a naval battle in Salamis that the city of Athens resisted the onslaught of the Eastern armies.
Why is Themistocles important to Greek history?
Themistocles was an important figure in Greek history because he encouraged Greece to create a strong navy. Encouraging his fellow Greeks to increase their naval power was something that Themistocles done multiple times throughout his career as a politician.
Who was one of the most famous generals in ancient Greece?
Alexander the Great is famous for being one of the greatest military generals the world has ever seen. He was the son of Philip II, the king of Macedonia.
Was Themistocles a Spartan?
As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower-class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. However, he aroused the hostility of Sparta by ordering the re-fortification of Athens, and his perceived arrogance began to alienate him from the Athenians.
What happened to Athens in 480 BC?
Battle of Salamis, (480 bc), battle in the Greco-Persian Wars in which a Greek fleet defeated much larger Persian naval forces in the straits at Salamis, between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port-city of Piraeus. The Greeks sank about 300 Persian vessels while losing only about 40 of their own.