Is Tunisia Arab country?
It is an Arab Maghreb country and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Its area is almost 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi), with an estimated population of just under 10.7 million. Tunisia is the smallest country in North Africa.
What religion is in Tunisia?
The constitution declares Islam is the country’s religion but the constitution also declares the country to be a “civil state.” The constitution designates the government as the “guardian of religion” and requires the president to be Muslim.
Is there religious freedom in Tunisia?
The Constitution of Tunisia provides for freedom of religion, belief and the freedom to practice the rites of one’s religion unless they disturb the public order; however, the government imposes some restrictions on this right.
Who lived in Tunisia in 1100?
circa 1100 BC – Phoenicians settle the north African coast. The city of Carthage, near the site of present-day Tunis, becomes a naval power. 146 BC – Carthage falls to the Romans.
Who created Tunisia?
According to Greek legend, Dido, a princess of Tyre, was the first outsider to settle among the native tribes of what is now Tunisia when she founded the city of Carthage in the 9th century bce.
What did Tunisia invent?
A Tunisian engineer has created the first bladeless wind converter to generate wind energy. It can also be used to pump water and serve as a compressor for air conditioning. The inventor, thirty-seven-year old Anis Aouni spent over more than two years on this project.
How Tunisia get its independence?
In June 1954, new French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France came to power and immediately instituted a withdrawal policy from Tunisia to lessen the violent backlashes occurring in the colonies. March 20, 1956, Tunisia achieved independence from France proposed by Habib Bourguiba.
How long did the Ottoman Empire rule Tunisia?
Ottoman Tunis refers to the episode of the Turkish presence in Ifriqiya during the course of three centuries from the 16th century until the 18th century, when Tunis was officially integrated into the Ottoman Empire as the Eyalet of Tunis.
When did the Ottomans lose North Africa?
Loss of territories By the 19th century, Ottoman control of the countries west of Egypt was also weakened. Algeria was lost in 1830 and Tunis was lost in 1881, both to France. Libya, the last Ottoman territory in Africa was lost to Italy at the end of the Italo-Turkish War in 1911.