What are the characteristics of medieval art?
It included a variety of media including glass mosaic, wall painting, metalwork, and carved relief in precious materials. Byzantine art was conservative in nature, primarily featuring religious subject matter, and much of it was characterized by a lack of realism.
What is the function of medieval paintings?
Medieval art illustrates the passionate interest and idealistic expression of the Christian and Catholic faith. Architectural designs and their interior décor showed avid expressions of the deep religious faith of the people of the Middle Ages.
What is medieval art and architecture?
The era encompasses many artistic styles and periods, including early Christian and Byzantine, Anglo-Saxon and Viking, Insular, Carolingian, Ottonian, Romanesque, and Gothic. During the medieval period, the various secular arts were unified by the Christian church and the sacred arts associated with it.
What are the type of medieval art?
Medieval art was produced in many media, and works survive in large numbers in sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, stained glass, metalwork and mosaics, all of which have had a higher survival rate than other media such as fresco wall-paintings, work in precious metals or textiles, including tapestry.
What are the main features of Romanesque architecture?
Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …
Why is Romanesque architecture important?
Romanesque architecture was the first distinctive style to spread across Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Instead, the greatest building of the Dark Ages in Europe was the artistic child of the octagonal Byzantine Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, built in the sixth century.