What are the features of Mesopotamian civilization?

What are the features of Mesopotamian civilization?


  • The world’s first cities appeared in Mesopotamia and these cities were Babylon and Eridu.
  • The rulers were inscribed in stone.
  • Had a polytheistic belief system.
  • Some of the jobs in ancient Mesopotamia included farming, pottery, weaving, teachers, astronomers, and livestock raising.

What were the main features of Mesopotamia agriculture?

The societies of ancient Mesopotamia developed one of the most prosperous agricultural systems of the ancient world, under harsh constraints: rivers whose patterns had little relation to the growth cycle of domesticated cereals; a hot, dry climate with brutal interannual variations; and generally thin and saline soil.

Why was farming important in Mesopotamia?

Before learning how to control the growth and harvest of crops, Mesopotamian peasants would have to move from place to place to follow food which had already been planted. The knowledge of farming gave Mesopotamians a chance to settle in one place for a length of time, and therefore establish civilization.

How did irrigation impact Mesopotamia?

Irrigation increased the amount of food farmers were able to grow. In fact, farmers could produce a food surplus, or more than they needed. Farmers also used irrigation to water grazing areas for cattle and sheep. As a result, Mesopotamians ate a variety of foods.

What was Mesopotamia life like?

The staples of Mesopotamian life were bread, beer and onions. Breakfast might include a porridge or a soup as well as bread with beer to wash it down. People also drank water and milk, though milk spoiled quickly in the hot climate. After breakfast, those who worked in or around their homes began their workday.

Why beer was invented?

It is likely that many cultures, on observing that a sweet liquid could be obtained from a source of starch, independently invented beer. Bread and beer increased prosperity to a level that allowed time for development of other technologies and contributed to the building of civilizations.