What are the four parts of the soul according to Aristotle?
He divides the soul into the following aspects or parts:
- Nutritive soul – This is the part responsible for nutrition and growth.
- Rational soul – This is the part responsible for reason (logos).
- Appetitive soul – This is the part that governs desire.
What is the definition of Aristotle’s Arête?
Arete (Greek: ἀρετή) is a concept in ancient Greek thought that, in its most basic sense, refers to “excellence” of any kind. In its earliest appearance in Greek, this notion of excellence was ultimately bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function: the act of living up to one’s full potential.
How does Aristotle use the term eudaimonia?
For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).
What are the virtues according to Aristotle?
For example, regarding what are the most important virtues, Aristotle proposed the following nine: wisdom; prudence; justice; fortitude; courage; liberality; magnificence; magnanimity; temperance.
What is our Telos?
The Greek term telos refers to what we might call a purpose, goal, end or true final function of an object. 2 Aristotle’s claim is essentially that in achieving its function, goal or end, an object achieves its own good. Every object has this type of a true function and so every object has a way of achieving goodness.
How does Aristotle define function?
He argues that the human function is rational activity. Drawing on the account of form and matter in Aristotle’s Metaphysics, it argues that “function” does not mean purpose but rather a way of functioning — how a thing does what it does. The way human beings do things is by making rational choices.
What is Aristotle’s definition of the chief good and how does he arrive at the conclusion?
Aristotle argues that everything has a purpose or goal, and that the purpose is always to attain some good. The “Chief Good” for humanity is that purpose for which all human action is performed. Aristotle believes that the Chief Good for humans is Eudaimonia (often translated as ‘happiness’).