What did Las Casas argue?
While the Pope had granted Spain sovereignty over the New World, de Las Casas argued that the property rights and rights to their own labor still belonged to the native peoples. Natives were subjects of the Spanish crown, and to treat them as less than human violated the laws of God, nature, and Spain.
What was las Casas motive for writing the letter?
In 1531, he wrote a letter to Garcia Manrique, Count of Osorno, protesting again the mistreatment of the Indians and advocating a return to his original reform plan of 1516. In 1531 a complaint was sent by the encomenderos of Hispaniola that Las Casas was again accusing them of mortal sins from the pulpit.
What we committed in the Indies?
What we committed in the Indies stands out among the most unpardonable offenses ever committed against God and mankind and this trade [in Indian slaves] as one of the most unjust, evil, and cruel among them.
Who wrote a brief account of the destruction of the Indies?
Bartolomé de las Casas
What was the significance of the Las Casas Sepulveda debate in 1550?
Sepulveda argued against Las Casas on behalf of the colonists’ property rights. Sepulveda rationalized Spanish treatment of American Indians by arguing that Indians were “natural slaves” and that Spanish presence in the New World would benefit them.
What was the impact of Valladolid debate?
The debate cemented Las Casas’s position as the lead defender of the Indians in the Spanish Empire, and further weakened the encomienda system. However, it did not substantially alter Spanish treatment of the Indians.
How did Sepulveda justify enslaving the natives?
In 1544, Sepúlveda wrote Democrates Alter (or, on the Just Causes for War Against the Indians). He claimed that the Indians had no ruler, and no laws, so any civilized man could legitimately appropriate them. In other words, Sepúlveda considered the Indians to be pre-social men with no rights or property.
What did Sepulveda and Las Casas agree on?
Did Sepulveda visit America?
Sepúlveda defended the position of the colonists, although he had never been to America, claiming that some Amerindians were “natural slaves” as defined by Aristotle in Book I of Politics.
What did Sepulveda believe?
In contrast with Las Casas and the theologians of Salamanca, Sepúlveda believed that the Aristotelian doctrine of natural aristocracy and natural servitude justified the Spanish conquest of the Indies and wars against the native populations.
Why do you think Las Casas wrote this detailed account about the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish?
He believed that the Native Americans had their own culture and their own religion. Las Casas viewed Native Americans in Mexico as rational beings and believed them to be open to conversion. He definitely thought the spaniards were superior to NA but he did not agree with the forceful way of converting the NA.
What were the causes and effects of Spanish colonization in the Americas?
*Cause: Spanish explorers came to America looking for gold and silver. Effect: Conquistadors attacked Native American cultures and claimed lands for their country. *Cause: European explorers brought many diseases with them. Effect: Hundreds of thousands of Native Americans died.
What were two main factors behind Spain’s colonization efforts in the New World?
Spain encouraged settlements in the New World to strengthen her claims to territory; to secure gold, silver, and valuable agricultural produce, such as sugar and indigo (a blue dye); and to convert the Indians to Catholicism.
What are the two primary objectives of Spanish in the New World?
Three goals of the Spanish colonization in the Americas were the spread of Catholicism, the increase of wealth, and the expansion of the Spanish empire.