What did the Stanford experiment prove?
According to Zimbardo and his colleagues, the Stanford Prison Experiment revealed how people will readily conform to the social roles they are expected to play, especially if the roles are as strongly stereotyped as those of the prison guards.
Why is Zimbardo’s experiment unethical?
As for the ethics of the experiment, Zimbardo said he believed the experiment was ethical before it began but unethical in hindsight because he and the others involved had no idea the experiment would escalate to the point of abuse that it did. It’s hard to perceive the whole process,” Zimbardo said.
What was the purpose of Zimbardo’s experiment?
Zimbardo (1973) conducted an extremely controversial study on conformity to social roles, called the Stanford Prison Experiment. His aim was to examine whether people would conform to the social roles of a prison guard or prisoner, when placed in a mock prison environment.
Is the Milgram experiment ethical?
Ethical Issues. Deception – the participants actually believed they were shocking a real person and were unaware the learner was a confederate of Milgram’s. However, Milgram argued that “illusion is used when necessary in order to set the stage for the revelation of certain difficult-to-get-at-truths.”
What happened in the Milgram experiment?
The Milgram experiment(s) on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. Participants were led to believe that they were assisting an unrelated experiment, in which they had to administer electric shocks to a “learner”.
What was Milgram’s hypothesis?
The Shirer Hypothesis, which Milgram intended to test, asserts that Germans have a basic character flaw that explains their willingness to destroy the Jewish population: this flaw is the readiness to obey authority without question, no matter what inhumane acts the authority commands (Meyer 96).
What was unethical about the Milgram experiment?
The experiment was deemed unethical, because the participants were led to believe that they were administering shocks to real people. The participants were unaware that the learner was an associate of Milgram’s. However, Milgram argued that deception was necessary to produce the desired outcomes of the experiment.
Who was the most controversial psychologist?
How do you feel about the Milgram experiment?
Milgram was horrified by the results of the experiment. In the “remote condition” version of the experiment described above, 65 percent of the subjects (26 out of 40) continued to inflict shocks right up to the 450-volt level, despite the learner’s screams, protests, and, at the 330-volt level, disturbing silence.
Why is protection from harm important in research?
Protection of Participants Researchers must ensure that those taking part in research will not be caused distress. They must be protected from physical and mental harm. This means you must not embarrass, frighten, offend or harm participants.
Can Milgram’s study be justified?
Milgram seeks to justify his means by writing: Misinformation is employed in the experiment; illusion is used when necessary in order to set the stage for the revelation of certain difficult-to- get-at truths; and these procedures are justified for one reason only: they are, in the end, accepted and endorsed by those …
What is destructive obedience?
 Destructive obedience is defined as following an order that is either illegal or falls into a regulatory grey area or causes moral scruples.
Was Milgram’s experiment replicated?
Well, a new paper published March 14 just announced that the famous Milgram Experiment has been replicated in Poland over 50 years since its inception in the US. It’s been replicated before, but this is the first time any effort to do so has involved both men and women in shock-giving and shock-receiving roles.
Is the Milgram experiment still relevant?
Nearly 50 years after the controversial Milgram experiments, social psychologist Jerry M. Burger, PhD, has found that people are still just as willing to administer what they believe are painful electric shocks to others when urged on by an authority figure.
Can Milgram experiment be done today?
Summary: A replication of one of the most widely known obedience studies, the Stanley Milgram experiment, shows that even today, people are still willing to harm others in pursuit of obeying authority. While no shocks were actually delivered in any of the experiments, the participants believed them to be real.
What was the design of Milgram’s experiment?
He designed an unprecedented experiment—later known as the Milgram experiment—whereby study subjects, who believed that they were participating in a learning experiment about punishment and memory, were instructed by an authority figure (the experimenter) to inflict seemingly painful shocks to a helpless victim (the …
Who funded the Milgram experiment?
Milgram was a 28-year-old junior faculty member at Yale University when he began his program of research on obedience, supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF), which lasted from August 7, 1961 through May 27, 1962.
What situation caused feelings of tension in participants in the Milgram experiments?
Milgram knew that deceiving participants into thinking they were inflicting shocks on another person was internally likely to generate what he termed strain: intense feelings of tension.
What factors do the Milgram experiments suggest?
To determine what factors increase or decrease obedience beyond the basline 65 percent level, Milgram varied the location of the experiment, the participant’s proximity to the victim and the experimenter, and the presence of obedient or disobedient confederates. All of these factors influenced obedience levels.
How was the Asch experiment conducted?
Experimental Procedure Using a line judgment task, Asch put a naive participant in a room with seven confederates/stooges. The confederates had agreed in advance what their responses would be when presented with the line task. Asch was interested to see if the real participant would conform to the majority view.
What are binding factors psychology?
These contributors are called binding factors, which consist of a broad range of factors depending on the individual. The individual responsible for the shocking starts at a less severe shock and then increases the shock steadily as the interviewee answers wrong.
What are the three types of social influence?
Social influence can further be broken down into three primary forms: conformity, compliance and obedience.
How does social influence affect behavior?
Social influence comprises the ways in which individuals change their behavior to meet the demands of a social environment. Typically social influence results from a specific action, command, or request, but people also alter their attitudes and behaviors in response to what they perceive others might do or think.
Who found a correlation between personality type and authoritarian personality?
Milgram and Elms