What is Garbhagriha called in English?
Literally the word means “womb chamber”, from the Sanskrit words garbha for womb and griha for house. Although the term is often associated with Hindu temples, it is also found in Jain and Buddhist temples.
What is gopuram called in English?
Definitions. A monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of a temple, especially in Southern India. grammar. A monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of a temple, especially in Southern India. a monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of any temple, especially in Southern India.
Which temple has two gopuram?
A gopuram or gopura is a monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of any temple, especially in Southern India. They are a prominent feature of koils, Hindu temples built in the Dravidian style….Tallest Gopurams.
|Consecration Year||2008 CE|
|Location||Murdeshwar, Karnataka, India|
What is the gopuram made of?
The gopura is generally constructed with a stone base and a superstructure of brick and pilaster. It is rectangular in plan and topped by a barrel-vault roof. The exterior walls are covered with sculpture.
Why do temples have gopuram?
Symbolically, the Gopura or the entrance to the temple represent he feet of the deity. The Gopura also emphasizes the importance of the temple within the city. Gopurams came in rather late during the mid-12th century in evolution of Dravidian or South Indian Temple Architecture and probably due to security reasons.
What is the shape of gopuram?
The gopuram (Fig. 1.5) is the tower built over the gateway, and the familiar towers of Madurai are gopurams. The base of the gopuram is rectangular in shape.
What do you know about Mandapas?
Mandapa (also spelled mantapa or mandapam) in Indian architecture, especially Hindu temple architecture, is a pillared hall or pavilion for public rituals. In temples, one or more mandapas very often lie between the sanctuary and the temple entrance, on the same axis.
Which is the best example of Chola temple?
What is meant by gopuram and Shikhara?
In South India, the equivalent term is vimana; unlike the shikhara, this refers to the whole building, including the sanctum beneath. The southern vimana is not to be confused with the elaborate gateway-towers of south Indian temples, called gopuram, which are often taller and more prominent features in large temples.
What are the two types of Shikhara?
The North Indian shikhara is basically of two types: (1) the latina, curvilinear in outline, the type most usually found above the sanctuary; and (2) the phamsana, rectilinear in outline and capped by a bell-shaped member, the form more usually found above the mandapa.
What is called Shikhara?
Shikhara, a Sanskrit word translating literally to “mountain peak”, refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India, and also often used in Jain temples.
What is a Shikhara * 2 points?
A shikhara is the topmost pointed portion of a temple. It forms the neck of the temple. The north Indian shikhara was basically curvillinear in shape. According to South Indian architecture texts, the term shikhara is reserved for the dome-shaped crowning cap.
What is a Shikhara short answer?
shikara, also called shikar, in North Indian temple architecture, the superstructure, tower, or spire above the sanctuary and also above the pillared mandapas (porches or halls); it is the most dominant and characteristic feature of the Hindu temple in the north.
What was Mahamandapa Class 7?
Explain the term mahamandapa. Ans. It refers to the main hall of the temple where dances were performed.
What is a Shikhara Class 7?
A shikhara is a structure that is shaped like a tower and forms the upper part of a temple. Pietra dura is a technique in which the craftsman places coloured hard stones in depressions that are carved into marble or sandstone.
Why were temples destroyed describe in detail?
Kings built temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth to the subjects of their kingdom. However, when another king attacked, he destroyed the temples created by the previous king to degrade him and show off his power.
Why were temple destroyed after a war?
Temples were destroyed by invading rulers as they were a symbol of the power, prestige and wealth of a king. The king was viewed as a representative of god. They were also a large store of treasure and riches. Thus, temples were viewed as targets that were to be attacked in the course of battles.
Why were the temples first target of the conquerors?
It was the trend to demonstrate power and resources by building large temples. The rulers often invested a lot in the decoration and maintenance of the temples. So the foreign conquerors made them the target first.
Why did the rulers wanted to control Kanauj and Ganga?
The rulers wanted to control Kanauj and ganga valley because it was fertile land with rich resources.