What is the highest of all goods achievable by action?
both the general run of men and people of superior refinement say that [the highest of all goods achievable by action] is happiness, and identify living well and doing well with being happy; but with regard to what happiness is they differ, and the many do not give the same account as the wise.
What is Aristotle’s view of the life of money-making?
“The life of money-making is one undertaken under compulsion, and wealth is evidently not the good we are seeking; for it is merely useful and for the sake of something else.”
What is good without qualification?
6. Moral goodness is likewise ‘good without qualification’ in the sense that moral goodness makes the person as such good and is thus ‘good in an unrestricted’ sense, not only in certain respects making him good as actor or as philosopher; it is not just something good in him but touches his very being.
What is the highest principle of morality for Kant?
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) argued that the supreme principle of morality is a standard of rationality that he dubbed the “Categorical Imperative” (CI).
What is Kant’s moral principle?
Kant’s moral theory is often referred to as the “respect for persons” theory of morality. Kant calls his fundamental moral principle the Categorical Imperative. An imperative is just a command. Kant holds that if there is a fundamental law of morality, it is a categorical imperative.
What did Kant say about morality?
Kant believed that the shared ability of humans to reason should be the basis of morality, and that it is the ability to reason that makes humans morally significant. He, therefore, believed that all humans should have the right to common dignity and respect.
Is reason a requirement for morality?
The real story is that “morality… is more properly felt than judg’d of” (T 3.1. 2.1). Reason and experience are required for determining the likely effects of a given motive or character trait, so reason does play an important role in moral judgment. Yet reason’s role is subordinate.
What are the tools of ethics?
The key terms of the ethical language are values, rights, duties, rules, and relationships. Let’s consider each in turn. Values: When you value something, you want it or you want it to happen.