What language did the northwest coast speak?
The peoples of the Northwest Coast spoke a number of North American Indian languages. From north to south the following linguistic divisions occurred: Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, northern Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, southern Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka), Coast Salish, Quileute-Chimakum, Kwalhioqua, and Chinook.
What animals lived in the Northwest coast?
The Northwest Coast Native Americans relied on hoofed animals such as black-tailed deer, elk, mountain goat and bighorn sheep as sources of food and materials.
How did the Northwest People Travel?
The canoes of the Northwest Coast people were carved out of large cedar trees. Cedar trees in British Columbia could get up to 80 feet tall, with very few branches. This made the trees ideal for cutting and carving a large canoe. Canoes were used to travel to events, like potlatches, to fish, and in warfare.
What did the northwest coast use for shelter?
The Northwest Pacific Coastal Indians did not live in tepees as did the Yakima Indians of Eastern Washington. Instead, they lived in longhouses built of thick cedar planks. These homes were also called plank houses. These early people chopped down and split massive cedar trees using beaver teeth and stone axes.
How did the Northwest Coast people survive?
The ocean and the lush coastal forests provided the Northwest Coast people with everything that they needed to survive. Tribes carved huge canoes made from cedar or spruce trees. The boats could fit up to 30 people, who paddled into the sea to hunt otters, seals, and whales.
How did the Northwest Coast people live?
They lived in longhouses or ‘Big houses’ constructed out of cedar planks. Each longhouse was 50-150 feet long and 20-60 feet wide, and housed several families.
What other resources did the Northwest Coast people have that were important to the economy?
The traditional Northwest Coast economy was a complex whole. One of its most important distinctions was the highly efficient use of natural resources. Aquatic resources were especially bountiful and included herring, oil-rich candlefish (eulachon), smelt, cod, halibut, mollusks, five species of salmon, and gray whales.
What did the Northwest Coast trade?
Brought from the coast were cedar baskets, fish oil, shells, and smoked seafoods. More exotic items, like copper and special woods, were even traded from Eskimos (Inuit) in Siberia and Alaska, who received dentalia (tusk shell) from Vancouver Island in exchange. Like all activities, trading had religious aspects.
What did the northwest coast wear?
The people of the Northwest Coast wore very little clothing, except when it was cold. In the warmer months, men would often go naked, and women would only wear bark skirts. The women made most of the clothing out of softened cedar wood or bark, animal leather, and wool.
How did the Northwest Indians dress?
Kwakwaka’wakw clothes were the cedarbark garments common all over the Northwest Coast: capes and hats for protection from rain, robes for cold weather, and women’s aprons. Many garments were decorated with dentalia shells. Colorful nose ornaments were made of abalone shell.
What tools did the northwest coast use?
Traditional carving implements included adzes, mauls, wedges, chisels, drills, and curved knives, all made of stone; sharkskin was used for sanding or polishing wooden items. As far south as the Columbia River, wooden boxes were made of red cedar boards that were kerfed—cut nearly through transversely.
What is the northwest coast region known for?
The region spanned from southern Alaska to northern California up into coastal British Columbia and Washington State. The area also includes some notable islands such as Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island. The area is thickly wooded, has a temperate climate, and is known for its heavy rainfall.